Liposuction or lipoplasty is a cosmetic surgery that involves breaking up and then sucking out the fat from a person’s body. This surgery is generally performed on the thighs, abdomen, neck, buttocks, chin, back, calves, the upper sides and back of the arms. The fat removal is done with the help of cannula, which is a hollow pipe-like instrument. The cannula is placed under the skin and a high pressure vacuum is applied to remove the broken up fat.
If you are thinking of getting a liposuction, you must know about the risks and benefits associated with the procedure beforehand, so you can make an informed decision.
Although liposuction is carried out mainly for cosmetic purposes, it can also be used to treat specific conditions, which include:
- Lymphedema: Lymphedema is a long-term or chronic condition in which fluid, called lymph, accumulates in the tissues, causing swelling or oedema. Oedema generally affects the legs or arms so sometimes, in order to reduce the swelling, pain and discomfort, liposuction is performed.
- Lipodystrophy syndrome: In this condition, fat is lost as well as collected in different parts of the body. With the help of liposuction, one can enhance their appearance if they are suffering from such a syndrome. This is due to the fact that good fat distribution in the body looks more natural.
- Losing Weight after obesity: If a person who was suffering from morbid obesity loses about 40% of their BMI, they may get a liposuction performed, to remove various abnormalities and extra skin.
If we talk about any big surgery, there is always a risk of infection, bleeding, and severe reactions to anaesthesia. Some of the side effects, complications or risks that are involved with liposuction surgery are:
- Grave bruising: it can last up to several weeks.
- Inflammation: The swelling may come down in about 6 months, and you may also experience oozing fluid from the incisions.
- Thrombophlebitis: A blood clot may form in the veins, causing more complications and inflammations.
- Effects on the skin: The skin may look bumpy, wavy or withered in case the patient has poor skin elasticity.
- Numbness: There may be numbness for some time in the affected area, which is generally a temporary feeling.
- Infections: if a person undergoes liposuction surgery, there may be a rare chance of a skin infection. If such an infection occurs, further surgical treatment is carried out in some cases. But such a treatment carries with it a scarring risk.
- Organ puncture at an internal level: This is a risk that may occur, though it is very rare.
- Fatal risk: Anaesthesia comes with a small risk of being fatal.
- Heart problems or kidney problems: Because the surgery involves fluids being suctioned or injected in the body, the modifications in the fluid level of the body could cause heart or kidney problems.
- Pulmonary embolism: Fat can get inside the blood vessels and move to the lungs and cause blockage in the circulation carried out by the lungs. If something like this happens, it can cause pulmonary embolism which can prove to be life-threatening.
- Pulmonary oedema: The fluid that is injected inside the person’s body can collect in the lungs and cause pulmonary oedema.
- Allergic reaction: The materials used in the surgery may cause an allergic reaction. Also, sometimes, the medications can cause an allergy.
After carefully weighing the pros and cons of the procedure, you can consult a specialist if you wish to undergo a liposuction procedure, and ask them about your doubts about the surgery, like about liposuction cost in Delhiand other areas of the country, the procedure, whether you should go for it, etc. Then, after carefully understanding what the doctor says, you can make your decision.